Psaní formálních e-mailů v angličtině: Průvodce správným psaním!​

Psaní formálních e-mailů v angličtině: Průvodce správným psaním!​ ESP Master Class psaní v lekcích angličtiny v jazykové škole online

Writing Formal Emails in English: A Guide to correct writing!

Writing formal emails in English – A guide to writing formal emails in English Writing formal emails in English is crucial in the business and professional environment, especially in international companies or when dealing with non-native English speakers. Maintaining formality and an appropriate tone is essential to ensure professionalism and effective communication while avoiding conflicts. Below, we present some guidelines to make writing formal emails in English easier for you!

  1. Use an appropriate greeting, such as “Dear Mr./Ms./Dr. [Last Name]” or “Dear [Title] [Last Name].”

    • If you don’t know the recipient’s name, you can use “Dear Sir/Madam” or “To Whom It May Concern.”
  2. Use polite pronouns:

    • Use polite pronouns like “you,” “your,” and “yours” when addressing the recipient.
    • Avoid informal pronouns like “hey” or “dude.”
    • Use the appropriate courtesy titles based on the recipient’s gender:
      • For a man: “Mr.” or, when addressing an older or higher-ranking man, “Sir.”
      • For a woman: “Miss” if unmarried or unknown marital status, “Mrs.” if married or widowed, and “Ms.” for any woman, regardless of marital status.
  3. Formal English language:

    • Utilize formal language and avoid contractions, slang expressions, and colloquialisms.
    • Employ courteous phrases such as “please,” “thank you,” and “kind regards.”
    • Do not use contractions, e.g., write “You are” instead of “You’re.”
  4. Structure and arrangement:

    • Ensure a clear and concise email subject.
    • Introduce the email’s subject in the first paragraph, explaining the purpose of the message.
    • Organize the email’s content into paragraphs for readability and comprehension.
    • Keep sentences short and concise to avoid ambiguity.
  5. Avoid emotions and ambiguity:

    • Maintain professionalism and refrain from expressing emotions in emails.
    • Avoid vague statements; be clear and precise in your communication.
  6. Email closure:

    • Use an appropriate closing phrase like “Yours sincerely” or “Kind regards,” followed by your name.
    • If writing on behalf of a company, use a closing like “Yours faithfully” or “Best regards.”
    • “Yours sincerely” is used when addressing a known recipient whose name has been mentioned in the opening.
    • In British English, “Yours faithfully” is used when the recipient and their name are unknown; in American English, “Yours truly” serves a similar purpose.
  7. Check for grammatical and spelling accuracy:

    • You can use language-checking tools such as text editors or online proofreaders.
  8. Responding to emails:

    • Reply to emails as promptly as possible.
    • Ensure your response is consistent, clear, and relevant to the received question or request.

Remember that the rules for writing formal emails may vary depending on the context, business culture, and the relationship between the parties involved. If in doubt, you can always seek additional guidance from a higher-ranking individual or colleagues. Respect, clarity, and courtesy are key in written communication in English, as in any public discourse.